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中東の研究報告3件の紹介 [論文]


You Are Your Blood Type

You Are Your Blood Type

  • 作者: Toshitaka Nomi
  • 出版社/メーカー: Pocket Books
  • 発売日: 1988/04
  • メディア: ペーパーバック

中東の研究報告というのを初めて見ました(書かれているのは英語です)。
ひょっとして、『自分の説明書』がペルシャ語かアラビア語に翻訳されたのでしょうか…。[るんるん]
#それぞれの結果が一致しないのは、まさに私の予想どおりです。

最初の論文の参考文献は、アレキサンダー・ベッシャーさんのYou are Your Blood Typeなので、英語の情報発信の必要性を痛感しています。
ところで、今回紹介するのはすべてイランの研究報告ですが、なぜか英語圏のデータベースには登録されていないようですね。
何か理由があるのかな?

○No.1
Fatemeh Beheshtian, Roghayeh Hashemi and Zolfaghar Rashidi
The Five Personality Factors over the Students with Four Blood Types
Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 2015, 5(8):45-49
サンプル160人 NEO PI-R → openness to experience に差が出た
https://www.textroad.com/pdf/JAEBS/J.%20Appl.%20Environ.%20Biol.%20Sci.,%205(8)45-49,%202015.pdf

○No.2
Mohammad Sharifi, Hamza Ahmadian and Ali Jalali
The relationship between the big five personality factors with blood types in Iranian university students

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2015, 7(5):233-240
サンプル400人 NEO PI → openness と extraversion に差が出た
http://www.jocpr.com/articles/the-relationship-between-the-big-five-personality-factors-with-blood-types-iniranian-university-students.pdf

○No.3
Zirak Morandlou Hossein
The Relationship between Students’Personality Traits and Their Blood Types
Journal of Health and Devalopment 2012, 1(3):221-226
サンプル不明 NEO-FFI → 血液型も性別でも差が出なかった
http://en.journals.sid.ir/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=299581


最初の論文は、2015年にJournal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences という学術誌に掲載されたものです。
Fatemeh Beheshtian, Roghayeh Hashemi and Zolfaghar Rashidi
The Five Personality Factors over the Students with Four Blood Types
J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci., 5(8)45-49, 2015
https://www.textroad.com/pdf/JAEBS/J.%20Appl.%20Environ.%20Biol.%20Sci.,%205(8)45-49,%202015.pdf
Abstract:
The study aims to compare the personality factors over the students with blood types A, B, AB, and O. The statistical population includes all students in Tehran and Kish, Iran in 2014-15 academic year. The sample was composed of 160 students selected using cluster sampling from the universities of these two cities (i.e. the Islamic Azad University (IAU) of Roode Hend and IAU of Kish).
The sample was evaluated using the research instruments including the NEO PI-R Questionnaire. This instrument is a popular instrument that its validity and reliability were validated in different studies. The data was analyzed using the MANOVA Test. The statistical analysis of the hypotheses indicated a significant difference in the openness to experience factor in students’blood types (p <0.05); however, no difference exists for other personality traits (p >0.05).


2番目もイランの大学です。この論文では、サンプルは400人で、ビッグファイブのNEO-PIを使っています。
Mohammad Sharifi, Hamza Ahmadian and Ali Jalali
The relationship between the big five personality factors with blood types in Iranian university students
Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2015, 7(5):233-240
http://www.jocpr.com/articles/the-relationship-between-the-big-five-personality-factors-with-blood-types-iniranian-university-students.pdf
Abstract:
The big five model of personality has been considered by many psychologists as a popular and powerful approach for the study of personality characteristics. These include neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Recognition of blood types could help in the recognition personality traits.
This is a descriptive and correlation study. 400 people were enrolled in the study using the convenience sampling method. The 60-item NEO-PI was used for data collection. Data entered into SPSS version 18 and analyzed using descriptive statistics including frequency distribution tables, mean, standard deviation, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, one-way ANOVA and post hoc LSD tests.
Mean of neuroticism in blood type O and blood type B had the highest (23.83) and lowest scores (22.28) respectively. Mean of extraversion in blood type A and blood type B had the highest (30.76) and the lowest score (28.67) respectively. Mean of openness in blood type A and blood type AB had the highest (25.72) and the lowest score (23.93) respectively. Means of agreeableness and conscientiousness in blood type A had the highest scores of 30.16 and 35.47 respectively.
In this study, personality factors of openness and extraversion were associated with different blood types (p = 0.04). From the five-factor personality traits, the three factors of Neuroticism, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness showed no relationship with blood types; however, both Extraversion and Openness were linked with different blood types.

3番目は次のとおりです。
Zirak Morandlou Hossein
The Relationship between Students’Personality Traits and Their Blood Types
Journal of Health and Devalopment 2012, 1(3):221-226
http://en.journals.sid.ir/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=299581
Abstract:
Background: The ABO blood types are thought to affect the roots of human behavior and act as a predictor of individuals’ personality. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between personality factors and the ABO blood group.
Methods: This cross-sectional study used quota, convenience sampling to select 160 students from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Tehran, Iran). The Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) was used to determine the subjects’ personality traits. Blood type of the participants was confirmed based on official documents. The collected data was analyzed using chi-square test in SPSS16.
Results: There were no significant differences in the prevalence of personality traits between different blood types or the two genders. In other words, prevalence of personality traits was not significantly related with either ABO blood types or gender.
Conclusion: According to the controversial and inconsistent results from different sources, ABO blood types do not seem to have significant associations with personality traits.


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